Key events of the civil rights movement

Introduction

The civil rights movement was a mass protest movement which took place between 1954 and 1968 in the United States. The movement fought against racial segregation and discrimination and tried to obtain legal and civil rights for African Americans.

The civil rights movement included a vast number of organizations, social actions and strategies, most of which focused on using non-violent means to promote their goals. Given the numerous events that took place during the civil rights movement, in what …

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The Montgomery Bus Boycott

It is hard to place an exact starting date on the civil rights movement, but one of the first major protests was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In 1955, a college-educated African-American woman named Rosa Parks refused to give her seat in the middle section of the bus to a white passenger, after the white seats were all occupied (African Americans were expected to give up seat…

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Sit-ins

Sit-ins were one of the main forms of protest between 1958 and 1960 and were generally organized by the NAACP Youth Council.

Sit-ins meant that African Americans would buy items from stores and then go to sit at the lunch counter…

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March on Washington

The March on Washington took place in August 1963, with the support and approval of the Kennedy Administration, after the organizers refused to give up the idea. The march was known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and was organized to promote civil rights laws, equal employment opportunities, the right to vote, integrated education, and proper housing.

Over 200,000 people…

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Selma to Montgomery marches

The Selma to Montgomery marches took places in 1965, as a result of the local authority’s actions to prevent voter registration activities organized by Martin Luther King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) starting with 1963.

In total, three marches were organized. In 1965, King went to Selma to lead the marches and was arrested along with oth…

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Riots during the civil rights movement

A largely peaceful and non-violent form of mass protest, the civil rights movement also included several more violent encounters between protesters and authorities known as riots, often prompted by frustrations in the African-American co…

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From Black Nationalism to the Black Power Movement

The Black Power Movement was one of the consequences of the civil rights movement. The Black Power Movement was based on Black Nationalism which promotes the idea that African Americans should be proud of their racial heritage and refuse to integrate into mainstream white society. 

Black Nationalis…

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